Hate crime/incidents: Hate Crime is any criminal offence where anyone believes the victim has been targeted because of their:
- race or ethnic identity
- gender or gender identity
- sexual orientation
- immigration status or nationality
- or any other perceived aspect of their identity.
Hate crime can also include:
- physical attacks – pushing and shoving to serious assaults
- verbal abuse – using derogatory or insulting words
- threatening behaviour, bullying and intimidation
- damage to property – including offensive graffiti
- malicious communications – threatening or offensive mail, texts or emails
- damage to property and violence
- hate can also be directed at whole communities – for example, vandalism of places of worship, or offensive graffiti in public places.
Hate incidents are incidents that do not constitute a criminal offence but cause alarm, distress or harassment where anyone believes the victim has been targeted because of their race/ethnicity, religion/belief, gender/gender identity, disability, age, sexual orientation or any other actual or perceived difference.
Some forms of hate incidents may also constitute Bullying and Harassment. Find out more on Bullying and Harassment